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Geography

Please scroll down for Years 1 & 2 

 

 

EYFS

Topics

Nursery

 

 

        All about me (Celebrations)

        People who help us

        Traditional tales

        Growing

        Mini-beasts

 

 

Reception

       Ourselves

       Night and Day

       Homes and Buildings

       Traditional Tales

       Growing

          Habitats

 

Vocabulary

 

 

Police Officer

Doctor

Dentist

Nurse

Teacher

Bulb

Grow

town

vllage

road

path

house

school/nursery

car park

café

airport

season

winter

spring

summer

autumn

synagogue

busy

quiet

pollution

semi-detached

terrace

train station

weather

hot/cold/rain/ snow/sun/cloudy

map

habitat

community

environment

home/rooms

community

flats

detached

office

shops

bungalow

 

Key knowledge and Skills

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nursery Three and Four year olds.

Natural world

Comment and ask questions about aspects of their familiar world such as the place where they live or the natural world.

Know that there are different countries in the world and talk about the differences they have experienced or seen in photos.

Use all their senses in hands on exploration of natural materials.

Talk about what they see, using a wide vocabulary.

Talk about some of the things they have observed such as plants, animals, natural and found objects.

Begin to understand the need to respect and care for the natural and found objects.

Begin to understand the effect their behavior can have on the environment.

 

People, Culture and Communities

Show interest in the lives of people who are familiar to them.

Know some of the things that make them unique and talk about some of the similarities and differences in relation to friends and family.

Talk about family customs and routines or family or friends.

Show interest in different occupations and ways of life indoors and outdoors.

 

Reception

People, Culture and

Talk about members of their immediate family and community

Talk about family customs and routines.

Understand that some places are special to members of the community.

Recognise that people have different beliefs and celebrate special times in different ways.

 

The natural World

Draw information from a simple map.

Talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.

Recognise some environments that are different to the one in which they live.

Explore the natural world around them.

Look closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change in nature.

Understand the effect of changing seasons on the natural world around them.

Activities

 

 

  • Visits from people who help us.
  • Trip to Chalkwell.
  • Visit shops, park and around the school.
  • Talk about my home and who lives there.  Representing their homes through drawing.
  • Name and compare different homes and building materials.
  • Comparing human homes to animal homes.
  • Maps and small world equipment for children to create their own environments.
  • Resources for children to create simple maps and plans, paintings, drawings and models of observations of known and imaginary landscapes
or from stories e.g Rosie’s Walk, the three little pigs etc.
  • Celebrations e.g Diwali, Eid, Chirstmas, Easter, Chinese New Year etc.
  • Provide role-play areas, with a variety of resources - re-enacting diversity, estate agent, travel agent, tourist information, café etc
  • Invite children and families with experiences of living 
in other countries to bring in photographs and objects from their home, cultures including those from family members living in different areas of the UK and abroad. 

  • Speaking about children’s experiences of holidays or visits to friends or relatives.
  • Identify, name and talk about mini beasts in the local area.
  • Growing plants both inside and outside of the classroom.
  • Use the garden in all weather types as children can use their senses to feel the wind and rain on their faces.
  • Look at aerial view of school – identify and name different places in school.
  • Using stories explain some similarities and differences between life in this country and life in other countries.

Stories: Titch -Jasper’s beanstalk -The Gigantic Turnip, The Very Hungry Caterpillar -The very busy spider -Aaaarrgghh Spider! etc

 

  • Handas Surprise  -  Gruffalo  -  The Three Little pigs  -  Goldilocks and the Three Bears, etc.
  • Computing
  • Seasonal walks

 

 

 

Year One

Topics

 

 

Islands

     Penguin Small

     Toys

     Cars

Once upon a time

 

Vocabulary

 

 

city

town

office

factory

countryside

shop

house

Wales

Scotland

Northern Ireland

England

sea

 

 

 

 

port

harbour

farm

forest

North Pole

South Pole

Aerial

flats

detached

office

shops

bungalow

landmarks

environment

beach

cliff

coast

village

hill

mountain

sea

river

valley

season

weather

winter

spring

summer

autumn

Key knowledge and Skills

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Locational Knowledge

Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

Understand how some places are linked to other places.

Place Knowledge

Name, describe and compare familiar places
Link their homes with other places in their local community.
Know the differences between, country, city and town.

Identify human and physical features of Dagenham and other places using geographical language.

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.  

Human and Physical

Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom.

Understand the four seasons and identify daily weather patterns.

To understand what weather is and how it changes.

Use weather symbols on a map.

Understand the differences in weather in relation to the North and South Poles

Geographical skills and Fieldwork

Ask simple geographical questions
Use simple observational skills to study the geography of the school and where we live.

Use simple maps of the local area
Use locational and directional language

Make simple maps and plans

Use world maps, atlases/globe and Google Earth to identify the United Kingdom and its countries.

 

Activities

  • Seasonal walks.
  • Rainham Marshes
  • Journey to the toy museum
  • Fieldwork around Dagenham and Village Infants School.
  • Record information from Dagenham walk, using geographical language to refer to physical and human features.
  • Find where they live and their school on a map.
  • Exciting things to visit in London – Thames/Buckingham Palace/Olympic site etc.
  • Write their address.
  • Name/label the four countries and surrounding seas using maps, atlas, Google  Earth .
  • Investigate and explain Ford factory using secondary resources e.g books, Google
  • Identify human and physical features of Dagenham and other places e.g town/village and compare and contrast.
  • Make a weather map, using weather symbols and record weather.
  • Stories  -  Penguin Small
  • Computing.

 

Year Two

Topics

 

 

 

 

Time Travellers

Eggs Eggs Eggs

Diversity week

Explorers    (Ernest   Shackleton                      Christopher   Columbus  

Amelia Earhart)

 

 

 

Vocabulary

 

 

river

forest

ocean

Artic ocean

Southern ocean

Indian ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Pacific Ocean

Continent

Asia

Antarctica

Europe

North America

South America  Oceania/Australia

Equator

beach

Town

Countryside

Forest

Mountain

Village

Africa

season

weather

coast

port

harbour

coast

hill

 

cliff

compass

north/south/east/west

near

far

left/right

continents

soil

valley

vegetation

  expedition

  perspective

Key knowledge and Skills

 

 

 

 

Locational knowledge

Name and locate the world's seven continents and five oceans

Place Knowledge

Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and a small area in a contrasting non-European country.

Human and Physical

Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator.

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical features.

Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to physical and human features.

Geographical skills and Fieldwork

Use aerial photographs to recognize landmarks and basic and human features.

Plan perspectives to recognise landmarks.

Devise a simple map; and use basic symbols in a key.

Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language (for example, near, far, left and right), to describe the location of features and routes on a map.

Use world maps, atlases, globes and Google Earth to identify the countries, continents and oceans.

 

Activities

  • Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify and label the continents/ surrounding oceans and equator.
  • Stories  -  Snail and Whale/The world came to my place.
  • Practical work using compasses – follow a set of instructions to reach a point/ The Great Fire of London/Expeditions.
  • Computing -  Google Earth  - Kid Rex
  • Investigate and explore physical/human features of places explored by Columbus/Shackleton /Earhart and compare and contrast.
  • Field trip to Asda to find out/plot on a map where a variety of fruit and vegetables come from.
  • To identify suitable weather conditions e.g climate/weather etc, to enable fruit and vegetables to grow.
  • Diversity week.
  • Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognize landmarks and basic human/physical features of the places explored by Ernest Shackleton and Christopher Columbus.
  • Devise maps with a simple key.
  • Mapwork  - follow a route using compass points.
  • Describe a route from a starting point, (The Great Fire of London).
  • Animals/habitats around the world

 

Resilience
Perseverance
Kindness
Curiosity
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